I came up with an interesting question today.
Assume a chatbot directs a black male to a restaurant in a bad area of town and the man is shot. Assume his attorney states in court that the chatbot, which uses AI and deep data mining, is racist and that caused his client to be a a place wherein he was shot. Factor in the AI and lack of absolute proof as to why the bot made the decision that it did. Assume the attorney wants all of the data available to show a comparison of minorities sent to that establishment. If the numbers show that blacks are more likely to be sent there, is that racism? Whether it is or not, it will be perceived as such by some. Does that mean that to avoid race based law suits and bad PR, the AI will be instructed to point an equal percentage of whites to that same establishment, big data be damned, for the sole purpose of avoiding litigation? Would that not then nullify the whole point of the AI? The attorney just received all of that data. I’m not even mentioning the value of the data the attorney has just obtained nor digging into the massive privacy issues.
An example that a lot of people are discussing and is very relevant right now, who should your car kill? If your car is coming up to an intersection filled with little children and old people and will not be able to stop in time, should it kill the old folks or and youngsters? What if it is a choice between driving your over a cliff or forcing the school bus, filled with young tykes, over the edge?
Short answer, attorneys are going to be enjoying AI and its’ lawsuits for many years to come.
A concise history of the law and AI can be found in an article, Chatbots, social media and the law. His article does a wonderful job of touching on the data sharing, usage, and privacy issues involved. Those issues are not minor!
An article How law firms are taking advantage of the latest advancements in AI points out that those same lawyers are starting to use AI for:
“Chatbots are able to screen potential clients, learn about their requirements and even offer basic legal advice – a huge help to those who cannot afford it.Chatbots are able to screen potential clients, learn about their requirements and even offer basic legal advice – a huge help to those who cannot afford it.Chatbots are able to screen potential clients, learn about their requirements and even offer basic legal advice – a huge help to those who cannot afford it.”
Am I the only one who sees potential nightmares? No. Scientific American has a nice article, Will Democracy Survive Big Data and Artificial Intelligence? that gives a very through high-level view of the problems and potentials with AI.
Interestingly, I come back to a statement from Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton,
“Scientists are actually preoccupied with accomplishment. So they are focused on whether they can do something. They never stop to ask if they should do something.”
I believe the same can be said of computer scientists. Make no mistake, a new world is coming. There are going to be challenges. I don’t have the answers but I do know one thing. Anyone who tells you that they do have the answers is either a fool or a con man or an AI developer…